Hadith ~ Do not desert (stop talking to) one another

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

Anas bin Malik (MAPH) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAWS) said: “Do not desert (stop talking to) one another, do not nurse hatred towards one another, do not be jealous of one another, and become as fellow brothers and slaves of Allah. It is not lawful for a Muslim to stop talking to his brother (Muslim) for more than three days.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Commentary: “Hijran” means to terminate contacts and speech. All the things mentioned in this Hadith are prohibited for the reason that they go against the spirit of Muslim brotherhood. Muslims are ordained to maintain the bond of Islamic fraternity.

Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (MABP) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAWS) said: “It is not lawful for a Muslim to desert (stop talking to) his brother beyond three nights, the one turning one way and the other turning to the other way when they meet, the better of the two is one who is the first to greet the other.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Commentary:
1. Since Islam is a religion based on the nature of man, it has a suitable concession in all his natural affairs. When there occurs a dispute between two Muslims then unpleasantness and contraction of mind are bound to result from it. In such a situation they naturally do not like to speak or maintain contact with each other. Islamic Shari’ah has acknowledged the validity of this reaction and granted permission to the party to suspend speech for three days. Since longevity of suspension of contact leads to severe hatred and animosity which increases dissension in society, creates obstruction in family relations and injures the bond of friendship, Muslims have been ordered not to let this temporary unpleasantness and turbidity go beyond a period of three days.
2. By highlighting the merit of Salam (salutation), this Hadith has prescribed an easy way for resuming the relations because Salam increases mutual love and paves the way for conversation and reconciliation.

SAWS: May Allah exalt his mention and protect him from imperfection
MAPH: May Allah be pleased with him

Riyaadiss-Saliheen (The Meadows of the Righteous)
By Imam An Nawawi
Hadith 1: Chapter 280, Page 460, No 1591
Hadith 1: Chapter 280, Page 460, No 1592

Hadith ~ Two imperatives which lead to Jannah or Hell

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet (SAWS) and asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what are the two imperatives which lead to Jannah or Hell”. The Prophet (SAWS) replied: “He who dies without associating anything with Allah will enter Jannah, and he who dies associating partners with Allah will enter the Fire”.

Commentary:
This Hadith may mislead some inveterate sinners who believe themselves to be sure to enter Paradise because, according to them, they believe in Allah without associating anything to Allah.

But there is obvious associating/idolatry and hidden associating/idolatry.

Whoever lets himself be guided by his passions has given in to a god other than Allah, or one who serves or approves critics of Islam and those who deny its laws and legislation.

A Hadith says that he who dies while committing a major sin such as theft or fornication or drunkenness, dies an unbeliever. So we must be wary from the temptations of the deceiver who gives false hopes to the unrepentant in believing they can say they are believers while continuing to flout the rule of Islam and do everything that brings unto them the wrath of Allah.

SAWS: May Allah exalt his mention and protect him from imperfection

Riyaadiss-Saliheen (The Meadows of the Righteous)
By Imam An Nawawi
Chapter 51, Page 140, No 414

Commentary ~ A Pious Man

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

A pious man is of unshakable faith. His faith is strong and accompanied by conviction. He yearns for knowledge. He is independent, but moderate. He submits completely to Allah when he prays. He remains noble even when poor. He shows patience in times of difficulty. He always seeks legal (halal) sustenance. He is full of enthusiasm for the straight path. He is careful not to be stingy. He has no reprehensible desires. He controls his anger. Everyone expects him to be good to them, and no one can think he wants to hurt them. He does not speak unkindly. He speaks softly. He does nothing reprehensible. All that he does is desirable. He is calm even in times of disturbance. If he is at ease, he is grateful to Allah. He does not commit a sin for the love of a friend. He does not offend others by insulting or defaming them. He does not harm his neighbor. He suffers difficulties, but others have nothing to fear from him. He strives to obtain salvation in the Afterlife, but he does not harm anybody. If he approaches someone, it is because he has affection and kindness for that person. He doesn’t avoid another person by vanity, nor does he befriend another person to fool him.

Hadith ~ A wise man

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

Shaddad bin Aus (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (May Allah exalt his mention and protect him from imperfection) said: “A wise man is the one who calls himself to account (and refrains from doing evil deeds) and does noble deeds to benefit him after death; and the foolish person is the one who subdues himself to his temptations and desires and seeks from Allah the fulfillment of his vain desires”.

Commentary: This Hadith highlights the importance of the accountability of one’s self. Mere desires which are not coupled with practical efforts are of no avail because Allah grants reward on good deeds and not on yearnings and desires which are not supported by noble actions.

Riyaadiss-Saliheen (The Meadows of the Righteous)
By Imam An Nawawi
Chapter 5, Page 27, No 66